AskDefine | Define them

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • (Stressed) , /ðɛm/, /DEm/
  • (Unstressed) , ðəm/, D@m/
  • Rhymes with: -ɛm

Pronoun

  1. Third personal plural pronoun used after a preposition or as the object of a verb.
    Give it to them. (after preposition)
    She wrote them a letter. (indirect object)
    She treated them for a cold. (direct object)
  2. Third person singular pronoun of indeterminate or irrelevant gender
    If someone comes and asks for the ticket, just give it to them. (after preposition)
    If one of my patients calls, please bring them their dinner. (indirect object)
    If a student has an inappropriate question, whatever you do, do not berate them. (direct object)

Usage notes

  • For notes on the usage referring to a person of unspecified gender, see the usage notes for they.

Translations

Third personal plural pronoun used after a preposition or as the object of a verb
Translations to be checked
  • Arabic:
  • Czech: nim (after preposition), jim (indirect object), je (direct object)
  • Dutch: hen , hun
  • Esperanto: ili (after preposition), al ili (indirect object), ilin (direct object)
  • Finnish: heidät, heitä, heille
  • French: (after preposition) eux , elles , (indirect object) leur, (indirect object, emphatic) leur ... à eux , leur ... à elles , (indirect object with an imperative verb) leur, (direct object) les, (direct object, emphatic) les ... eux , les ... elles
    Note: ''In French, the masculine form is used to refer to a group of people or things that include at least one male or at least one masculine noun respectively, or when the sexes or genders are unknown; the feminine form is used only when all the people or things in the group referred to are known to be female or feminine, respectively.
    Examples:
    After preposition: It is for them — C'est pour eux; C’est pour elles
    Indirect object: She tells them her name — Elle leur dit son nom; She gives the book to them — Elle leur donne le livre
    Indirect object, emphatic: She gives the book to them — Elle leur donne le livre à eux; Elle leur donne le livre à elles
    Indirect object with an imperative verb: Give it to them — Donnez-le-leur
    Direct object: She hates them — Elle les déteste
    Direct object, emphatic: She loves them — Elle les aime, eux; Elle les aime, elles
  • German: sie, ihnen
  • Hungarian: őket, azokat
  • Irish: iad; emphatic iadsan
  • Italian: (after preposition) loro, (indirect object) loro, gli (colloquial), (indirect object, emphatic) a loro, (indirect object with an imperative verb) loro, gli (colloquial; becomes glie- when used with a direct object), (direct object) li , le , (direct object, emphatic) loro
    Note: In Italian, the masculine form is used to refer to a group of people or things that include at least one male or at least one masculine noun respectively, or when the sexes or genders are unknown; the feminine form is used only when all the people or things in the group referred to are known to be female or feminine, respectively.
    Examples:
    After preposition: It is for them — É per loro
    Indirect object: Maria tells them her name — Maria dice loro il suo nome; Maria gli dice il suo nome
    Indirect object, emphatic: Maria gives the book to them — Maria dà il libro a loro
    Indirect object with an imperative verb, used without a direct object: Write to them — Scrivi loro; Scrivigli; Tell them — Di' loro; Digli
    Indirect object with an imperative verb, used with a direct object: Send it to them — Spediscilo loro; Spedisciglielo; Give it to them — Dallo loro; Daglielo
    Direct object: Maria wants them - Maria li vuole; Maria le vuole
    Direct object, emphatic: Maria wants them — Maria vuole loro
  • Japanese: 彼らを (かれらを, karera o)
  • Korean: 그들을 (geudeuleul), 그들에게 (geudeulege)
  • Manx: ad, emphatic: adsyn
  • Novial: les , or , los , las , lus
  • Portuguese: os, lhes
  • Russian: их (iχ), им (im), ими (ími)
  • Slovak: im (dative), ich (accusative)''
  • Spanish: les (direct object); a ellos , a ellas (indirect object); ellos , ellas (after preposition)
  • Swedish: dem

Extensive Definition

Them is the English third person accusative (i.e., used after a preposition or as the object of a verb) plural personal pronoun. They is the nominative form (i.e., subject of a phrase). Them is sometimes also used in the singular as the accusative form of the singular they. (See also: English personal pronouns).
Them or THEM may also refer to:
them in Danish: Them
them in Dutch: Them
them in Swedish: Them

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

I, I myself, alter, alter ego, alterum, better self, bureaucracy, directorate, ego, ethical self, he, her, herself, hierarchy, higher echelons, higher-ups, him, himself, inner man, inner self, it, management, me, ministry, my humble self, myself, number one, officialdom, oneself, other self, ourselves, prelacy, ruling class, ruling classes, self, she, subconscious self, subliminal self, superego, the Establishment, the administration, the authorities, the ingroup, the interests, the people upstairs, the power elite, the power structure, the top, themselves, they, top brass, you, yours truly, yourself, yourselves
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